Swiss TAG Heur : The Clear Choice For Stylish Men

TAG Heur  is known to manufacture practical, robust, elegant, versatile and shock resistant watches in a relatively affordable price range.  So, for men who want a stylish, elegant, and precise timepiece, Tag Heuer is the clear choice. TAG Heuer are definitely worthy of your time and your money.

TAG Heuer is an old Swiss brand. It was originally called Heuer and was established in 1860. In 1985, Heuer was purchased by Techniques d’Avant Garde (TAG), and thusly became TAG Heuer. It has been called TAG Heuer ever since 1985. If you take a look at vintage “TAG Heuer” watches, you’ll see that they are actually just called Heuer.  Since the Summer Olympics in 1920, TAG Heuer has consistently been a major sponsor of sails, sport events and motorsports. TAG Heuer has been for a long time the official partner of Formula-1 events until 2003.

Many celebrities endorse TAG Heuer, such as Cameron Diaz, Leonardo DiCaprio, Brad Pitt and Tiger Woods. In the past, the famous actor Steve McQueen promoted TAG Heuer as well. Back then, it was called Heuer without the “TAG” prefix. From movie stars like Leonardo DiCaprio to sports greats like Tiger Woods, TAG watches can be seen on the arms of celebrities around the world.  For years, stylish TAG Heuer watches have been making a bold statement, and when you purchase one, you’ll get to experience the extravagance of a TAG Heuer watch for yourself.

When purchasing a Tag Heuer watch, you must consider the size. The wrist size of course, is important. The watch band must fit your wrist comfortably without pinching or being too loose. Most types of metal Tag Heuer watches are adjustable. Another consideration with size is the watch face and width. For formal watches, fashion experts say the face should be no larger than 40 millimeters in diameter, while day watches can be anywhere between 40 to 44 millimeters to allow you to show off the watch without overwhelming your wrist. Your body and wrist size is also an important consideration. A small watch may look like a ladies’ watch on a thick wrist. Larger men, such as athletes, bodybuilders, or anyone built like them, can pull off larger watches up to 48 millimeters in diameters. Plan on choosing your first TAG Heuer watch, the replica Tag Heuer golf is a good place to start.

Swiss Watches: Reviews on Rolex GMT II

replica rolexes
replica rolexes

With the advent of the jet age in the 1950 s, the rapid development of international routes let the plane in a short period of time fly through several time zones, and the pilots needed to know the time of the different locations on earth (such as departure and arrival time, local time and Greenwich mean time), and Rolex Greenwich type is designed to meet the the demand for them. Wrist watch become famous and was the specified wrist watch of the Pan Am the moment it came out the world.

Swiss Rolex GMT II wrist watches came out in 1982 based on the original model. In addition to the traditional hour hand, minute hand and second hand, this wrist watch is equipped with independent 24 hours pointer and two-way 24 hours rotary incremental scale outer ring .24 hours pointer display the reference time in the first timezone (such as residence time), but you need to read the time through outer ring with its relative scale.

Travelers can acquire the time through a pointer on the dial. This wrist watch adopted the independent adjustable jumping pointer with unique design, and the wearer can easily set up time through chain watch crown, and it won’t affect the operation of the minute hand and second hand, or the time display at the first timezone. Therefore, no matter when it is, travelers can also read the location and origin time at the same time, and the time display of the Swiss Rolex GMT II is 24 hours, which can make a clear distinction between day and night time (10 o ‘clock in the morning and 10 o ‘clock at night, for example).

If necessary, turn the corresponding hours of gradual scale outer ring, it can at any time display the time at the third timezone. And the 24 hours pointers will be on the outer ring to indicate the time at that timezone. Or you can check rolex submariner swiss replica for more choices on buying Swiss Rolex watches.

Buying the Rolex Pearlmaster Ladies watch for Your Beloved

The Rolex Pearlmaster is Rolex’s crowning jewelry watch. Featuring the softly curved lines of the Pearlmaster design, it is characterized by uniquely rich dials and exquisite gem settings of diamonds, sapphires or rubies and available only in 18 ct yellow, white or Everose gold made by Rolex in its own foundry. To preserve the beauty of its pink gold watches, Rolex created and patented an exclusive 18 ct pink gold alloy cast in its own foundry: Everose gold. Introduced in 2005, 18 ct Everose is used on all Rolex models in pink gold.

The dial creation is nothing less than a true art. There are very few watch-making companies besides Rolex master all the aspects of dial creation in-house. Mother-of-pearl, gold, meteorite and diamonds are just some of the fine materials used to ensure the beauty and individual character of each Rolex dial. Some are embellished with subtle sun or sand-blasted finishes, some are beautifully lacquered. Decors in relief are crafted through machining or electroforming. The appliqué hour markers – from gem-set to luminescent, from Arabic to Roman numerals – are always in 18 ct gold and affixed by hand. The final touch is the most significant of all: the placing of the appliqué Rolex crown.

The dial is the distinctive face of a Rolex swiss replica watch, the feature most responsible for its identity and readability. Characterized by hour markers fashioned from 18 ct gold to prevent tarnishing, every Rolex dial is designed and manufactured in-house, largely by hand to ensure perfection. An alternative version of the bracelet is available with intermediate links in 18 ct white gold sublimely set with diamonds. Echoing the bezel and dial, this superb gem-setting provides the finishing touch to an authentic watch-making masterpiece.

The design, development and production of Rolex bracelets and clasps, as well as the stringent tests they face, involve advanced high technology. And, as with all the components of the watch, aesthetic controls by the human eye guarantee impeccable beauty. Both sensual and sophisticated, this solid gold bracelet with rounded five-piece links was created in 1992 for the launch of the Pearlmaster model.

The Pearlmaster bracelet is always fitted with a concealed Crownclasp. With delightfully rounded solid links in 18 ct gold, the Pearlmaster bracelet contributes to the watch’s distinctive character and offers the wearer maximum comfort. It is fitted with a concealed Crownclasp that is both elegant and functional. Whether its design style can deeply attract your attention?

Recommendation of two large-sized watches

panerai replica
panerai replica

For the limitations of wrist thickness, large chronometer is not suitable for all men that looking forward to it, however, the atmosphere itself is full of pride and it still domineering. Putting it on the desk will present  extreme reliability and confidence, giving people an excellent visual perception. While wearing, there is a sense of control and mastery. Today we are going to recommend two high quality replica watches to offer suggestions for people who love large watches.

Panerai LUMINOR 1950 Series PAM00727 Watch

Official price: RMB 56,900

Watch diameter: 44mm

Movement type: automatic mechanical movement

Watch case material: stainless steel

Waterproof depth: 300m

Watch comments: when it comes to stylish and handsome watches, nothing is better than Panerai. Pillow case with high identification and unique lugs support bridge convey the exclusive beauty of the brand timepiece to watch lovers, just like this 2017 limited edition wrist watch. After polished, the 44mm AISI 316L stainless steel Present a generous visual experience. The black dial with sandwich-type structure and oversize rod-like time scale and digital are all covered with luminous material. Even in a darker environment, the present time can be clearly presented. The red second hand in the 9 o’clock is one of the highlights of the watch. It set against each other with the small date display window in 3 o’clock, showing the unique meaning of this watch.

ZENITH PILOT 29.2430.679/21.C753 Watch

Official price: RMB 48,000

Watch diameter: 45mm

Thickness of the watch: 14.25mm

Movement type: automatic mechanical movement

Watch case material: bronze

Waterproof depth: 100m

Watch comments: the retro ZENITH PILOT is a good choice of large watches. The 45mm bronze watch case is classical and generous, which adding a breath of age on the generous dial and showing the unique charm of between the wrist. The gold plated and unique Arabia digital time scale set against each other and present the meaning of chronometer, and both of them are all covered with SuperLuminova SLN C3 luminous material. Even in a darker environment, the present time can be clearly presented. It is equipped with Oil matte leather strap to protect inner part.

TAG Heuer Is What The Racers Wear

Car racing and wristwatches have been linked together since the 1930s. That’s because racecar driving relies on accurate timekeeping to measure the outcome of the race. It was TAG Heuer that created the standard for racing watches by adding a chronograph and tachymeter — the two defining features of a driving watch. Numerous racers loved TAG Heuer watches. It is safe to say TAG Heuer is what the racers wear. Here are 2 latest TAG Heuer watches which are very good for racers.

Tag Heuer Swiss replica has finally released its much-anticipated revival of the iconic Autavia chronograph. The neo-retro Autavia is a result of an innovative online campaign – the Autavia Cup – that saw collectors and enthusiasts picking their favorite Autavia model from 16 vintage references. In time for its 55thanniversary, the new Autavia is designed to channel the spirit of the golden age of motor racing. The watch has a 42 mm-width case. It has a bold 12-hour graduated black aluminum bi-directional bezel and a new Heuer-02 calibre proprietary chronograph movement. The dial is legible with applied steel indices and hands coated with beige Super-Luminova and features three white snailed chronograph counters. The watch has a power reserve of 80 hours. Just 6.9 mm thick, this self-winding movement comprises 233 components, a pillar wheel and a vertical clutch.

TAG Heuer has recently unveiled its new exclusive chronograph designed in partnership with the Red Bull Racing Team. The classy new Red Bull Racing Formula One Team Carrera Heuer-01 was unveiled a few weeks ago, at the opening of the first F1 Grand Prix of the 2017 season in Melbourne, Australia. The watch is crafted from stainless steel and generously sized to 45mm in diameter. Its dark blue and red accents perfectly convey the racing spirit of the team. Perfect for timing sports events with great accuracy, this chronograph features a blue ceramic bezel with a tachymeter scale. The blue skeleton dial and sapphire case-back reveal the superior mechanism of the Heuer-01 Manufacture Chronograph. TAG Heuer Carrera Heuer-01 Red Bull Racing Special Edition is water resistant to 100 meters. The watch is available with a choice of steel bracelet or blue leather and black rubber strap with racing car-seat effect and a steel deployant buckle.

Audemars Piguet Jules Audemars

audemars piguet replica swiss
audemars piguet replica swiss

The Swiss top watchmaking brand Audemars Piguet present its special token and evergreen love to watch with the perfect and beautiful Jules Audemars series. When grace meets excellence, it is destined to produce extraordinary masterpieces. As Audemars Piguet Jules Audemars series, with a simple atmosphere of the design to create noble and elegant extraordinary style, and highlight Audemars Piguet perfect watchmaking process in details. The series was named with the name of one of the brand’s founders, which represents the centuries-old craftsmanship and tradition, as well as the individuality and spirit of independent. The elegant round case, simple dial, scale and pointer are introverted but hard to conceal its excellence. Just like all the masterpieces that can stand the test of time, it can arouse the deep inspiration and sympathy of people. In this most romantic festival, we must express our love. Audemars Piguet Jules Audemars series witness the most touching confession with lovers.

Audemars Piguet Jules Audemars automatic man’s watches are equipped with 18K platinum watch case, a thin polished bezel and silver flinqu dial, creating rich details. Audemars Piguet Jules Audemars small second hand ladies’ watch use the white pearl fritillaria dial and diamond bezel. Audemars Piguet Jules Audemars small second hand ladies’ watch is equipped with Calibre 3090 self-made automatic upper chain movement. All of its components are hand decorated

Audemars PiguetJules Audemars automatic chain man’s watches are equipped with 18K rose gold watch case. On the bezel, there are 70 round diamonds. The black dial and the rose gold are in sharp contrast to the leaf pointer. The calibre 3120 automatic upper chain movement is undoubtedly the prototype of Audemars Piguet self-made movement family. Audemars Piguet Jules Audemars small second hand ladies’ watch highlights women’s unique magnificence with the collocation of special pearl fritillary dial and diamond bezel. The smooth watchcase lines, harmonious ratio of details transmit the ability of modern women, and also, it is full of delicate and soft.

Also check rolex replicas for more choices on buying luxury watches online.

Panerai Watches: Reviews on Panerai LUMINOR DUE PAM00675 Watch

panerai replica

In the watch industry, each brand has a unique connotation. Just like today’s entertainment stars, they generally have their own exclusive flash point. When the star’s temperament and watch appearance match and resonate, they will reach a tacit understanding between each other, to achieve the best of each other. Here we are to take a review on one of the high quality replica watches, which has outstanding appearance and excellent performance at the same time.

Panerai LUMINOR DUE PAM00675 Watch

Watch diameter: 42 mm

Movement type: automatic mechanical movement

Case material: 18K rose gold

Waterproof depth: 30 meters

Highly recognizable 42mm pillow case of this Panerai watch is made with low-key luxury 18K rose gold material, to show a humble feeling on the wrist. On the matte sun pattern dial, the Arabic numerals time scales that are attached with luminous are against each other with the hour scales, together with the small three-pin pointers to show the unique characteristics of the watch. From the pillow case, the large dial, the Unibody watch ear, and the crown bridge device and then to the black crocodile leather strap, this Panerai watch shows the unique charm of an all-match watch that can attend formal occasion, sporty and leisure occasion with the simpler lines, much thinner case, more stronger fashionable breath. “Panerai is a classic, timeless watch brand, history and brand personality are closely linked, and features excellent quality. The belief that the brand adheres to coincides with the attitude that I uphold on the career. Only pure and sincere enthusiasm can touch The most authentic expression of emotion.

If you are also falling love with this Panerai LUMINOR DUE PAM00675 Watch and want to buy it at the lowest price, you can make your purchase from the replica online watches stores where you can save a lot of money.

Why Choose Panerai ?

Panerai has been making the highest quality watches since 1860 (making gauges for sea vessels), with the first watch prototype showing up in 1936. Panerai made its first prototype dive watches for Italian military divers in 1936. The watches, which became known as Radiomirs, went into production two years later.  In the mid-1950s, Panerai introduced a new version with a curved, crown protection bridge. It became known as the replica Panerai Luminor. Radiomir watches are highly reliable that they are considered as instrumental in the success of the operations during the World War II.

The year of 2002 is a milestone for Officine Panerai, with the opening of the Panerai Manufacture in Neuchâtel, Switzerland. Fine Swiss watchmaking, exclusive design and know-how come together in a single location where planning, development and continuous research offer new technical and functional perspectives.  Officine Panerai also opens up to the Orient with its first Asian boutique, located in the prestigious Landmark Prince’s Building in Hong Kong.  Since 2002 – when the first Panerai Manufacture was opened – Panerai has developed a full range of in-house movements with watch functions at the highest levels: from the GMT to a complete range of Chronographs, from the extended Power Reserve to the unmistakable Panerai Tourbillon. In 2014 Panerai introduces the P.4000 calibre, an in-house automatic movement distinguished by its off-centred oscillating weight; a perfect synthesis of design and highly sophisticated watchmaking technology.

Panerai also work well with adventurers. They created a special watch just for explorer Mike Horn. The Panerai Luminor Arktos GMT North Pole ref.PAM00252 (2006 Special Mike Horn Edition) was dedicated to the North Pole Expedition directed by Mike Horn. It is pretty cool to wear a Panerai with your name on it! Horn circumnavigated the arctic circle by himself with his specially developed, tripled cased Panerai. Many explorers have chosen to wear digital watches on expeditions, but a digital instrument would freeze in the conditions Horn was in. Without the help from Panerai and a few other sponsors, Mike would not have been able to fulfil his mission, which shows the importance of watch brands developing the technology of these extraordinary timepieces.

Panerai watch possess the elegance of Italian craftmanship and the quality of Swiss movements. For many years, Panerai has been well-known for its professional functionality and unique design. Because of this exclusivity, the name Panerai has attracted several celebrities including Ben Affleck, Josh Hartnett, Jason Statham, Dwayne Johnson, and even former President Bill Clinton who have all been seen sporting their Panerais in public. With a high collectors value, these watches are an excellent addition to any collection.

Lornet LA-02 Ladies Watch

Lornet LA-02 Ladies Watch

Lornet LA-02 Ladies Watch Watch Releases

Let it not be said that we at aBlogtoWatch do not cover enough watches for ladies because what we have here is a pretty special one from France. The Lornet LA-02 is only the company’s second watch and their first watch for ladies. But guys will find it worthwhile to learn about this young brand as well because the Lornet LA-02 shares a lot in common with the larger men’s Lornet LA-01 watch.

You are probably wondering who Lornet is and why they should be called special. So before we talk about the new LA-02 watch in detail, let’s spend some time to talk about Lornet. The roots of Lornet began in 2014 when founder and watchmaker Anthony Simao started development on their debut LA-01 watch, wanting to make a watch that he could proudly proclaim was made in France.

Lornet LA-02 Ladies Watch Watch Releases

Fast forward to today and Lornet watches are designed, manufactured, and assembled entirely in France. The case and movements are manufactured in Besançon, the sapphire crystals are made in Morteau, even the handmade wood presentation boxes and hand-stitched alligator straps are crafted in eastern France, in Cramans and Orchamps-Vennes, respectively. The debut LA-01 men’s watch features a stainless steel tonneau case shape with very strong lines and a powerful profile. Coupled with the partially skeletonized dial that reveals the in-house MLA-01 movement within, the watch manages to grab attention in a crowded marketplace.

Lornet LA-02 Ladies Watch Watch Releases

Lornet LA-01 mens watch

The MLA-01 movement is also notable because it was designed to be modular, allowing Lornet to add complications on top in the future via modules. Also noteworthy is that the movement is constructed mostly out of aluminum, and it has a tungsten rotor. The MLA-01 beats at 4Hz and the power reserve is a very adequate 55 hours.

Lornet LA-02 Ladies Watch Watch Releases

The new Lornet LA-02 for ladies follows closely the “recipe” of the LA-01. Like the LA-01 watch, the LA-02 watch has a tonneau-like case shape with a strong profile. The case width is a pretty sizable 38mm wide, and lug to lug measurement is given to be 41mm (the LA-01 men’s watch is 41mm by 50mm). This means it is pretty big for a ladies’ watch, certainly not what I would call petite. However, to keep it wearable, the Lornet LA-02’s case is made using titanium, this keeps weight down to just 69g. The LA-02 also features rose gold accents on the case sides to keep it feminine. Water resistance is just 30 meters, so do keep it clear of liquids.

Lornet LA-02 Ladies Watch Watch Releases

The Lornet LA-02 also has a skeletonized dial that reveals the inner workings of the new MLA-02 movement within. There are plenty of rose gold accents to keep things looking interesting and to provide contrast. The spear-shaped hour and minute hands, for example, are in rose gold, as is the off-center seconds hand, which is represented by a three-spoked rose gold wheel. Like the MLA-01 in the Lornet LA-01 watch, the MLA-02 is constructed mainly out of aluminum and features a heavy tungsten rotor, which is visible through the sapphire display case back. Beat frequency and power reserve are the same as the MLA-01 mentioned above.

Lornet LA-02 Ladies Watch Watch Releases

Personally, I think the Lornet LA-02 could be an interesting proposition for ladies for a few reasons. For one, it is made in France, which is not something you can say for many watches. Second is its unique aesthetic, which, to my eyes, is successful even though it foregoes the “delicate” nature of a lot of ladies pieces. And finally, there is the price. The Lornet LA-02 in titanium is priced at €5,400, which is quite appealing for a watch that is unapologetically unorthodox and different. In gold, the Lornet LA-02 is €7,900, which isn’t all too crazy either. For ladies who want a break from the usual suspects from big brand names, the Lornet LA-02 is an interesting option.

The History Of Dive Watches

The History Of Dive Watches

The History Of Dive Watches Feature Articles

There are many things we take for granted when speaking about modern timepieces, and one of those is water resistance. There are no “water proof” watches, as that implies water would not be able to enter them under any circumstances, so we use the term “water resistant.” The history of water resistant watches really began in the 1920s, but it was not until later that the serious water resistant diving watch came into existence. Today dive watches are the most popular type of sport watch, not necessarily because people use them to dive, but because of their style, promise of durability, and utilitarian value.

Regardless of whether one pays a few hundred or several thousand dollars for a watch, they rightfully expect reliability, accuracy, and comfort. Having said that, we are rarely reminded of just how much time it took wristwatches to transform from fragile pieces of art into workhorse instruments that can put up with most of the challenges we expose them to during our daily lives. Today we are looking into the history of water resistant and diving watches.  We will discuss the most important historical models, their respective design elements, as well as the challenges they have faced and conquered.

Much like in the case of our article on the History of ETA, the Swiss movement maker, we have to begin with a disclaimer, noting in advance that there is no one source that would list all relevant information. Instead, there is a great number of different–and superb–sources that detail different aspects at length, often revealing contradictory information. With that said, let’s dive head-first into the more than a century deep history of waterproof watches.

The history of the wristwatch deserves a dedicated article which it will receive another time, but for now we will say that it was not off to an easy start. The first men’s watches worn on the wrist were created from pocket watches that had lugs soldered onto their cases. Soldiers of the late 1800s and then of World War I sought a faster, easier, dare we say, “hands-free” way of telling the time while in combat. In general, however, wristwatches were considered to be womanly jewels that needed to be handled with excessive care. Consequently, men did not really care for early examples of these timepieces. The issue was their notoriously poor reliability: they were prone to breaking as they were exposed to a significantly greater amount of shocks, humidity and temperature changes when worn on the wrist and not inside the pockets of coats and vests.

The History Of Dive Watches Feature Articles

It had been clear that wristwatches would never gain popularity unless these issues were gone for good. Among the primary sources for all these problems were water, humidity and dust, all easily finding their way into the movement through the gaps around the crown and in between the inaccurately machined and assembled case elements. They would make components rust, cause lubricants to not function as they should and ultimately force gears and pinions to lock up and springs to deteriorate. So, first of all, if watches were to be worn on the wrist–giving them much greater exposure to these elements–there were some considerable makeovers to be performed as far as the manufacturing and assembling processes were concerned.

In harmony with what we have seen so many times while discussing the history of watches, it was the ingenious ideas of some engineers as well as the increasingly fierce competition in between key companies that led to the birth of some of the most important technological developments. Over the years, several great minds set to work to ultimately create revolutionary solutions which banished old ideas of the past. They engineered new designs that would serve to keep watches running throughout the following decades, or centuries even, designs on which we oftentimes rely even today.

The first step was to realize the source of the problems and then identify possible solutions so as to permanently rule them out. Pocket watches of the time–and note that we are talking about early 20th century here–and especially their cases were not crafted with high resistance and durability in mind. They were cherished and highly valued items and hence they spent incomparably less time exposed to nature’s elements than wristwatches did and do today. As we pointed out above, their cases bore little to no seals around the crown and universally they were made and assembled in a way that allowed fine dust and humidity get into the case and the movement.

The History Of Dive Watches Feature Articles

Shown here is the Rolex Hermetic (or Submarine) with its “lid” removed, revealing the crown and the inner case of the watch. Source:

Paving the way to the creation of the first waterproof wristwatch was one of the most important brands of today: Rolex, and most notably its founder, Hans Wilsdorf. Among the most obvious and easy-to-perform solutions were the use of additional, external cases, ones that would hermetically seal the “real” case of the watch. A great example of this is the Rolex Hermetic or Submarine from 1922 (not to be confused with the Submariner which is a completely different watch from three decades later). What the Hermetic offered was a small round-cased watch with a chunky external case around it, which had a “lid” that would screw down onto it. It worked like a jar where once you screw on the top, the jar is sealed for good. This made sense here as there were no properly developed crown sealing systems and the lid covered that as well. The problem this created was that every time the hand-wound movement was to be rewound or the time needed to be set, the lid had to be removed and then put on again. The frequent use meant that the grooves on the side of the brass lid and the threads on the inside of it wore out quickly, necessitating repairs.

An old advertisement showing Borgel’s patented case construction, circa early 1900s. Image Source: © David Boettcher

It was clear then that these oversized (because these chunky cases actually fit the term oversized) cases had no real future, at least not for the civil consumer. A more practical and more durable solution was needed and this meant there was no other way but to integrate all waterproofing into the watch’s case. François Borgel, a Genevan master case maker had filed two patents, in 1891 and 1903, respectively, for two slightly different watch cases that had threaded parts. A major upside of this design was that it omitted the external case. Instead it would enable the “normal” case to achieve same levels of isolation. Speaking about the more advanced 1903 patent, it comprised a threaded ring that would go around the movement and bezel, and the case back would be screwed onto the outer, threaded surface of this ring. This resulted in a superior seal, without having to use a chunky external cover.

The History Of Dive Watches Feature Articles

Seen here is the patent for the early screw-down design by Perregaux and Perret. The part marked 16 is the seal, located on the outside of the case. Image Source: © David Boettcher

While this meant a huge leap forward and major manufactures like IWC and Longines have used Borgel’s cases for some of their watches, another major issue remained an unsolved mystery: the sealing of the crown. Humidity and fine dust could still find its way into the movement, albeit now at a slower rate, thanks to the threaded case design. The original idea–or at least the first patent–for a waterproof crown is credited to Paul Perregaux and Georges Perret. In October, 1925 they applied for a patent for a screw down crown, as seen on the extract from the patent above. As in the case of most breakthrough developments, the two watchmakers’ design also showed some imperfections.

To begin with, the unscrewing of the crown happened in the same direction as the winding of the mainspring. To secure it again, the crown was to be turned the other way around, against the winding ratchet. Once the watch was fully wound and the crown was set in its secured position, it could not be unscrewed again until the mainspring wound down to some extent. Furthermore, the black component marked with number 16 on the image above is the sealing which the crown (once screwed onto the case) would push against, to actually create the seal. However, this sealing–owing to the limited manufacturing abilities of the time–could not have been made of more durable materials, so it was leather, cork or felt. Since it was installed on the outside of the case, it would quickly lose its isolating properties, making frequent replacements necessary. Without getting much too nerdy, let’s briefly look at what–and who–made this already great idea perfect.

The History Of Dive Watches Feature Articles

Rolex founder Hans Wilsdorf’s patent for the improved screw-down crown design. Image Source: © David Boettcher

It was Hans Wilsdorf, founder and then-director of Rolex, who saw the potential in Perregaux’s and Perret’s invention as he realized that this idea coupled with the threaded case designs could ultimately create the first truly waterproof watch. He moved quickly and purchased the Swiss rights from the inventors and applied for the patent in the US, UK, and in Germany as well in 1926-1927. In the image above you see the results of a year’s additional development in the form of Wilsdorf’s own patent for the screw-down crown. Patented as CH 120848, one of the major improvements was the relocation of the seal from the outside of the case into the crown tube itself, while also making it from lead to enhance its durability.

Furthermore, the engineers of Rolex–and those working at C.R. Spillman SA, the case supplier of Rolex at the time–found a solution concerning the winding of the movement when the crown was being unscrewed: the crown initially rotates free from the stem and engages with it only when fully pulled out. This was achieved with what is marked with 9 (in red) and 12 (in yellow) on the image above. It is difficult to judge from the image, but these are two rectangular parts that engage once the crown is in the extracted position, hence enabling the wearer of the watch to set the time even if the mainspring is fully wound.

The History Of Dive Watches Feature Articles

The Rolex Oyster next to the Daily Mail headline with long distance swimmer Mercedes Gleitze who wore the watch in an attempt to swim across the English channel

Rolex combined its improved crown design and the threaded case in a new model that became the first durable and reliable waterproof watch. Called the Oyster, it was a remarkable achievement, albeit one against which the general public remained skeptical. To learn more about this iconic piece check out Ariel’s article about the Oyster here. For now, we will concentrate on the process of how it turned into the legendary watch that it is and the way it managed to change people’s attitude towards waterproof watches. It was in 1927 that the perfect opportunity arose to publicly prove the abilities of his watch and Wilsdorf was again quick to react. It was then that the young British secretary and long distance swimmer Mercedes Gleitze set herself the challenge of swimming across the English channel–for the second time. Why the second? Well, the story goes that Mercedes actually swam across the channel once, only to be “topped” by another woman who claimed to have done the same feat considerably quicker, around 13 hours instead of Gleitze’s 15 hours.

At the time this attracted significant media attention and Wilsdorf wanted to have his share of it. Without going into much detail, we will just say that the other lady turned out to be a liar who admitted that she had not swam across the channel at all; a claim that made the media and the public question whether Mercedes’ previous achievement was a fabrication as well. At last, Wilsdorf agreed with Gleitze that she would wear the Oyster on a necklace throughout her “vindication-swim,” where she would prove the nay-sayers wrong . It is a lesser known fact that on this second attempt she actually did not make it all the way across the channel, but at this point it didn’t matter. A few days later the story of her and her watch were discussed on the first page of the Daily Mail, bringing the general public the first tangible proof of a waterproof watch.  To make a more lasting impression Wilsdorf also arranged with retailers to have the Oyster showcased in their windows, set in a fish tank full of water. In conclusion, thanks to the exceptional developments and of course the witty marketing moves of the founder, Rolex–and with it the waterproof watch–made its first steps on the road that ultimately led it to prevail around the world.

The History Of Dive Watches Feature Articles

The Pasha de Cartier with its trademark crown cup and its tiny chain. Credit: Sotheby’s

Around the 1930s several other brands wanted to get their share from this new market segment.  Turn your attention to two interesting interpretations of the waterproof watch, conceived by two already major brands: Omega and Cartier. Even at this time Cartier had been known as the go-to brand for the kings, monarchs and the world’s elite in general. This is exemplified by an order Cartier received in 1932, placed by the Pasha of Marrakech who, as the legend says, wanted a waterproof watch which he could wear during his occasional swims. Cartier answered the Pasha’s needs with a unique piece equipped with a round waterproof case as well as a little screw-on cap that served to seal the crown, hanging on a tiny chain fixed to the case itself. From 1943, and then from its 1985 “re-issue” up to this day, the watch is known as Pasha de Cartier, an iconic watch that is seldom recognized as one of the earliest examples among waterproof timepieces.

Around the mid-twenties, diving, an activity dedicated solely to scientific, military or “adventure-related” causes, started to become increasingly ubiquitous, brought about by the special breathing equipment developed by Yves Le Prieur in 1926 and then in 1933. The point of these diving related inventions was to make diving easier, less dangerous, while allowing them to happen for longer intervals, at greater depths. It is as complex of a challenge as it sounds, and then some. And while it took quite a few more years until diving could become more widespread, it had already been obvious that there was a need for wristwatches developed with the unique needs of this dangerous activity in mind. This is where Omega comes into the picture.

The History Of Dive Watches Feature Articles

See, while the original Rolex Oyster and the Pasha de Cartier (and other lesser-known, albeit similar waterproof watches of the time) performed rather well when it came to keeping moisture, sand and relatively small amounts of water out of the case, they were not at all worthy of consideration when it came to the much more demanding, deeper dives. The first watch which was designed to tackle greater challenges, and hence to work with divers, was Omega’s Marine from 1932. This model brought the external, hermetically sealed case to the forefront again, something with Rolex’s innovations in mind may seem to be an outdated choice. Still, it actually was the fact that Rolex had those patents to its name that Omega had no other choice but to go with the external case, not to mention the fact that where they were going only a strong external shell could be used. With all that said, Omega’s final product turned out to be rather modern anyhow, as the Marine proved to be true to its name and became the world’s first diving watch, i.e. the first watch to successfully complete some seriously deep dives.

What made the Marine so unique and so capable was this two-part case, which had its top and bottom pieces connected to the straps, while a large clasp locked them securely on the case back. Furthermore, the Marine was the first watch to have a synthetic sapphire front, clearly an important step forwards in terms of reliability compared to any other material used at the time. The “package” was completed by a seal leather strap which, by Omega’s claims, were extremely resistant to salt water. The concept was ready so it was time to put it to its paces: Omega, likely “inspired” by Rolex’s marketing successes, set out to prove the special capabilities of their watch by testing through a series of challenges, challenges which were of previously unimaginable difficulty. In 1936 a couple of Marine watches spent minutes in hot water (of 85 degree Celsius) and were then quickly submerged to a depth of 70 meters in the 5 degree Celsius cold waters of Lake Geneva for thirty minutes. When they were taken out, all pieces (two complete watches and a case with no movement inside) were functioning perfectly, showing no traces of water inside.

The History Of Dive Watches Feature Articles

Vintage ad for the Omega Marine, circa 1940s. Source:

Three years after the successful tests, in 1939, Omega revealed the Marine Standard. It was a slightly redesigned version of the Marine from 1932, as this new piece served to transfer the Marine and most of its abilities into the publicly available collections of the brand. The case had become less complex to reduce manufacturing costs, but it retained the rectangular shape of the original. It was due to this angular shape that–quite obviously–no threaded case components could have been used. Instead, in order to properly seal the sapphire crystal and the case, they went on to use rubber gaskets, a solution still used today!

On the first series of Marine Standards the sapphire crystal was fitted from below the bezel (i.e. from the caseback side). With that done, Omega would install the dial, the movement and the crown. The problem this construction created was that while as pressure built up it pressed the case onto the caseback, and pushed the crystal towards the inside of the watch, weakening the seals. This decreased the Standard’s water resistance to a mere two atmospheres (around 20 meters), which was incomparable to its predecessor’s performance. For the following generations, however, the crystal had been installed from “above,” a process that, although widely used today, at the time (during the early ’40s) was a novel idea that substantially increased water resistance.

Looking back at the earliest generations of waterproof watches we can conclude that some of the greatest companies have all developed their own answers to the same problem: sealing the gaps between the case, the bezel and the crown. And while they were quick to top their latest developments with even more efficient ones, they were also unaware at the time that collectively they had most of the puzzle pieces which would ultimately make up the modern diver’s watch. Let’s discover the transition and see what exactly led to the dive watch, as we know it today.

The History Of Dive Watches Feature Articles

One of the first Blancpain Fifty Fathoms on the wrist of Bob Maloubier, founder of the Nageur de Combat

In many ways, diving watches mean the pinnacle of modern watchmaking. We saw watches being worn on the Moon, exceed the speed of sound, but defeating the immense pressure that prevails only at the deepest points of our planet is a completely different challenge altogether. This is best proven by the process of how watches sneaked out from our vest pockets and onto our wrists, to ultimately become instruments capable of performing in tens or hundreds of thousands special military actions and scientific dives alike, withstanding extremely demanding conditions. It is no wonder then, that dive watch enthusiasts have a special feeling when strapping a watch with such pedigree on: as weird as it may sound for “outsiders,” it does grant a feeling of indestructibility when your only and most important accessory has stood the tests of such demanding conditions. So let’s take a closer look at what led from the first “waterproofs” to the engineering masterpieces that made it to the Mariana trench–and back.

For a kick-off, it is important to clarify that the Rolex Oyster indeed was the first properly waterproof watch–as validated by Gleitze’s swim and the time it spent in fish tanks. However, it was with reason that she wore it on a necklace and not on her wrist: this way the watch had been not subjected to the rather brutal forces of it splashing into the water with every motion of her arm, for hours on end. The first step towards improved durability was the already discussed Omega Marine, but even so, it saw little use as professional diving (not to mention its much later developed, hobby-inspired alternatives) had not been fully developed at the time. In fact, it took the better part of another decade or so until underwater activities became more ubiquitous; the primary reason being that diving equipments were very heavy, not very safe, and limited in availability. This radically changed with the 1942 invention of Jacques-Yves Cousteau and Émile Gagnan: the aqua-lung.

This is important as it greatly affected the future of dive watches, so let’s briefly discuss what this new equipment was. The aqua-lung was the first open circuit breathing apparatus that allowed dives up to depths of 60 meters (or around 180 feet), all without direct connection with the surface. The most important consequence of it was that it helped accelerate developments in the fields of both professional, scientific, and hobby diving, hence making them more widely available around the world. As a result of World War II, warfare and the following popularization of diving, more refined and more durable accessories were required, items such as depth meters, compasses and, of course, wristwatches.

It would make things a lot easier if we could start discussing the history of dive watches with a single model, but things are never so straightforward, unfortunately. Many brands wish to–and can rightfully–claim that they were the first, albeit all in different ways. With that said, once we start digging deeper than mere marketing communication allows, the picture starts to clear up and the truly revolutionary watches and brands become more easily identifiable.